Glaucoma Treatment from our Odessa Optometrist
Incurable and irreversible, glaucoma is the result of increased intraocular pressure (IOP) in the anterior chamber in your eye. This chamber is filled with the aqueous humor, a vital fluid that normally drains out of the eye via special channels. In glaucoma, these drainage channels no longer function well; the fluid remains in the eye, building up and creating damage that permanently affects the optic nerve- and your vision. At Grandview Eye Site, comprehensive eye exams with our Odessa optometrist are crucial in early detection of glaucoma and managing the disease.
Types of Glaucoma
- Primary Open-angle glaucoma- Known as ‘chronic glaucoma’ this most common type affects over three million Americans. This glaucoma develops slowly, rarely displaying noticeable symptoms until much of the vision is already gone.
- Angle-closure glaucoma- Less common, angle-closure glaucoma occurs when those drainage channels close abruptly, causing a sudden increase in IOP. This pressure causes vision loss and acute eye pain.
- Secondary glaucoma- This can result from a history of eye injury, conditions like hypertension or diabetes or the use of corticosteroids.
Signs and Symptoms of Glaucoma
Call your eye doctor if any of the following occur:
- Vision loss – including a gradual loss of peripheral vision
- Blurred vision
- Eye pain
- Tunnel vision
- Halo seen around lights
Who Can Develop Glaucoma?
The short answer is- anyone. This is why regular comprehensive eye examinations are so important. Factors that will increase your risk of developing the disease include:
- Age- those over 60 are at increased risk
- Race- African-Americans over 40 are at risk
- Heredity- Family history of glaucoma puts you at risk of developing it
- Injury- eye trauma increases your risk
- Medication: Taking cortisone or prednisone places you at risk
How Is Glaucoma Diagnosed and Treated?
Since most glaucoma may demonstrate no symptoms until much of your vision is permanently lost, glaucoma is often first discovered during an optometry examination. Your optometrist in Odessa will perform a comprehensive eye and vision examination, which may include:
- Perimetry- measures your central and peripheral vision
- Tonometry- measures the pressure in your eyes
- Visual Acuity- determines extent your vision has been affected.
- Retinal evaluation
Glaucoma treatment generally begins with eye drops. These powerful medications include;
- Prostaglandin analogs- these increase the flow of fluid from the eyes
- Beta Blockers - these decrease the fluid production in your eye
- Patients who cannot tolerate these meds, or find them ineffective, may require surgery.
Contact Grandview Eye Site for an Appointment with our Optometrist in Odessa
Your optometrist will develop a personalized treatment plan to stop your glaucoma in its earliest stages when vision loss is still minimal.
At Grandview Eye Site here in Odessa TX, our experienced staff is ready to partner with you to maintain and protect your eye health and vision. Call us today at 432-367-5600.