Cataracts are a leading cause of vision issues for people over 40 and are one of the main causes of blindness. A cataract is described as cloudiness in your eye. This cloudiness is in the eye’s lens behind the pupil and is caused by proteins clumping together.
Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)
The most common infection we see is conjunctivitis caused by an adenovirus (the common cold). There are other types of bacteria and viruses that can cause eye infections. Fungal infections are also seen, though they are not as common.
Diabetic Eye Disease
Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness among adult populations. Most of the damage caused by diabetes is not reversible. If you have diabetes, you should schedule an eye exam with Dr. Buzbee every year so that we can detect disease early to help prevent vision loss.
To keep your eyes healthy, you need to have tears to provide moisture and lubrication. This is not only for your comfort, but it helps with your vision. Tears are secreted by glands around your eyes. When you do not make enough tears, you have a condition called dry eyes.
Glaucoma is when your intraocular eye pressure is too high. If left untreated, it can cause damage to your optic nerve, which can result in irreversible vision loss. Glaucoma is quite serious and needs to be treated as soon as possible. There are many ways to treat glaucoma, depending on the severity of the disease. You can use eye drops and/or take pills. There are also some surgeries that can help.
Amblyopia is the medical term that is used for decreased eyesight due to abnormal visual development. When you notice someone referring to their eye(s) as “lazy eye” this is the technical diagnosis that they are speaking of. This is a common disorder that occurs to anyone of any age. In the United States alone there are more than 200,000 cases reported every single year.
Red eyes are a sign of ocular inflammation. Eyes are red and sometimes itchy and painful. You may notice discharge and have trouble with your vision. There are many different diseases that can cause red eye, including conjunctivitis, blepharitis, foreign body, scratches, allergies, and much more.
Refractive errors cause blurred vision. Nearsightedness is when the eye is too long and light focuses before reaching the back of the eye. People who are nearsighted have trouble seeing things far away. Farsightedness is when the eye is too short and light isn’t yet focused when it hits the back of the eye. People who are farsighted may have trouble seeing far and near, but in general they have more trouble seeing at near. Astigmatism is when the eye is football shaped. This causes light from different orientations, like horizontal and vertical to focus differently. Presbyopia causes trouble seeing at near after a person is over 40 years old.
Other Eye Diseases
There are too many eye diseases and disorders to list on a page. Some common ones are listed here. If you have systemic disease, there is a good chance that it can affect your eyes as well as any medication that you take. That is why we start with a thorough case history during your eye examination.